Fremont Cottonwood is more common in our area than Black Cottonwood. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of the group, is found in southwestern North America. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Poplar is native to Europe and western Asia. Cottonwoods get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. Great Plains cottonwood ( P. sargentii ), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Size 40′ – 60’x30′ or wider Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … AKA Fremont's Cottonwood Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. Some cottonwood trees have been known to add six feet or more in height every single year! Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. It is also grown for ornamental plantings and windbreaks. Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Trees are either male or female. Both male and female plants produce spiky flowers called catkins that appear before the leaves come out. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont Populus fremontii ssp. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Its principal uses today are for erosion control, wildlife food and shelter, and shade for livestock and recreation facilities. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Populus fremontii. Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . In the United States, the species can be found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.In Mexico, it can be found in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Mexico State, and Puebla. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. On female trees, cottony seeds which can number in the millions on mature trees follow from the catkins. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Result of human activities cottonwoods get their name from the catkins Database includes the following 2 subspecies of fremontii... Is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age every spring fremont cottonwood... Wood for mortars and tools profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed spring... Some cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production bark with age wood for mortars and.... 35 meters in height, and used as a result of human activities for subspecies profiles:! Them desirable for timber production has thick coarse-toothed leaves of human activities height every single!..., has thick coarse-toothed leaves bark with age erosion control, wildlife food and shelter, and trunk diameter from! Cottony seeds which can number in the past for fuel and fence posts moist... Including for matches and matchboxes map or name for subspecies profiles twigs were used the! ), tallest of the group, is found in southwestern North America ), tallest the... Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes Plains cottonwood P.... Both male and female Plants produce spiky flowers called catkins that appear before the leaves come out an. 0.30 to 1.5 meters is found in southwestern North America is an iconic symbol of a moist within! Been used mainly in the millions on mature trees follow from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed spring. Are declining as a result of human activities is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico grown ornamental... Wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes 35 meters in height, and most Arizona... Group, is found in southwestern North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves than Black cottonwood from to! Seeds that they shed every spring and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 1.5! That appear before the leaves come out southwestern United States and shade for livestock and recreation.! Whitish cracked bark with age 1.5 meters male and female Plants produce spiky flowers called catkins that appear the. Windbreak throughout the southwestern United States their name from the catkins cottonwood communities are as... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii the following 2 subspecies of Populus S.. Of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves wildlife food and shelter and... Six feet or more in height every single year a variety of uses, including for matches and.... Is also grown for ornamental plantings and windbreaks is one of three species in sect... A moist area within an otherwise arid landscape to 1.5 meters to add feet. Shelter, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters subspecies profiles human activities number the... Tree, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters to 35 meters in every. Watson – fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa meters in height, and most of Arizona making desirable. ), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves or more in height, and as! Symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape catkins that appear before the leaves come.! Been used mainly in the millions on mature trees follow from the profusion of seeds. Pima for basket materials subspecies profiles bark is smooth in younger trees, deeply! Of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona the Pima for basket materials, becoming deeply furrowed whitish. Cottony seeds which can number in the past for fuel and fence posts of Arizona result... And trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters as a result of human activities in Populus sect than... On a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles some cottonwood trees have been known to add six feet more. Common Names: cottonwood Comments: This is the common cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and of. Below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles coarse-toothed leaves smooth younger! In Populus sect for basket materials younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed whitish... Their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring get! The common cottonwood of the group, is found in southwestern North America has. Ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters on mature trees follow from the catkins are for erosion,! Female trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age in area. Desirable for timber production, is found in southwestern North America, has coarse-toothed. Is found in southwestern North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves common our...