Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. Herbalists also use the buds and bark of cottonwood to treat aches and pains, skin health and other uses. Black cottonwoods thrive best in moist soils and open areas that allow it to grow rapidly. Cottonwoods look really attractive with their white fluffy cotton ball flowers hanging from a colossal tree against a backdrop of large green leaves. Although some characteristics such as high growth are common across all the varieties, they differ in other ways that include the color of leaves, soil preferences and so on. These mature into seeds that can self-disperse with the help of wind. Young bark is smooth and thin. Cottonwoods trees have distinct male and female species and the ability to produce seeds is limited to the females only. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) • Medium to tall tree with broad, open crown, usually 50 to 75 feet in height with trunk diameters of 1 to 4 feet. Does best in cool, moist, mountain locations in the company of … Order Now. Meet a new place to live at Cottonwood Place in Fremont, CA. Thes… Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported. Get the Full-Color Pocket Field Guide. The fact that cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas is proof of how the locals hold this species in high regard. In Texas, the Fremont cottonwood-Goodding willow (Salix gooddingii) Series is listed as "very rare and local throughout range or found locally in restricted range, 21 to 100 occurrences (threatened throughout range)" and "rare or … However, you can easily distinguish Fremontâs cottonwood by looking at the leaf structure. Western Cottonwood Tree Identification Also known as Fremont cottonwood or Rio Grande cottonwood, this tree is commonly found near water bodies of arid regions. Mature trees develop a pyramidal shape with thick green foliage that turns into bright yellow as autumn arrives. These are reddish-purple in color and eventually burst open to release several small seeds that contain cottony strands to help them disperse through the wind. Fremontâs cottonwoods put up a spectacular show of colors as soon as summer ends and autumn begins. Lanceleaf is a hybrid variety (populus x acuminata). The address on file for this person is 418 Cottonwood Dr, St Anthony, ID 83445 in Fremont County. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. They produce vibrant red flowers that gradually transform into fluffy seeds with a cotton-like covering. During summer season, the male tree displays a thick and dense cover of lush greens whereas the female flowers excessively until the branches are heavily laden with soft white cottony buds. The eastern cottonwood is without a doubt, one of the largest hardwood trees found in North America. It is the largest known tree of its species … This type of cottonwood originates from the southwestern US and is highly prevalent in states such as Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, and Texas to name a few. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. Named after an American explorer in 19 th Century, Fremont’s Cottonwood is sometimes also called Alamo Cottonwood. fremontii) This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. These trees have a widespread foliage that can extend to 5 feet in diameter. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. During the tough years living in wild prairie plains where trees were a rarity, Native Americans derived great benefits from the cottonwood trees that would grow in the harsh conditions nonetheless. Cottonwoods and other riparian species … The filing status is listed as Admin Dissolved 07 Aug 2012. With slender branches laden with thin, narrow leaves, this species foliage grows in an overall vase-like style that lends the tree a very graceful look. The narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9 and is a native of California and Mexico while the eastern c… The national champion is located in Bernalillo County, New Mexico. With the visual appeal that they add, it is no surprise that different species of cottonwoods, as well as their cultivars and hybrids, are often planted by homeowners with a large expanse of land or a vast area dedicated for gardening. Willow Family (Salicaceae). Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood , is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. The leaves of the eastern cottonwood are almost 4 inches long, are roughly toothed and have curvy edges with a flattened base. Steve Nix, About.com. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. Moreover, these trees are a habitat for wildlife and therefore, promote a healthy ecosystem. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. The leaves feature a lively green color in the summer season and turn a bright yellow when autumn arrives. Given their rapid growth pattern, cottonwoods are often planted with the objective of collecting wood from it later on. The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. From the roots and trunks to the leaves and fruits, the locals used different parts of these trees for various purposes to satisfy different needs. However, in modern day society, the use of cottonwoods has shifted mostly towards manufacturing things like paper, crates, boxes, matchsticks, and plywood. Fremontâs Cottonwood (Populus Fremontii). However, although cottonwoods are a type of hardwood trees, their wood is relatively soft and fibrous. You will also find them in playgrounds and on similar recreation sites owing to the fact that they provide good shade and shelter. Family: Salicaceae or Willow (Poplar) Leaves: Deltoid to kidney-shaped; 3" to 6" long, 4" to 5" wide; deciduous; rounded teeth on margin; pointed, short apex; glabrous; turn bright gold in fall; petiole 1-1/2" to 3" long, flattened laterally, causing leaf to flutter in the wind. Look for the following signs to confirm the existence of a western cottonwood tree. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small differences in the flower and seed pod structure. fremontii" ORDER BY taxon Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement Quick fact: A single eastern cottonwood tree can release over 40 million seeds in a season and if conditions are ideal, has the potential to live almost 300 years! About Cottonwood Place. As seedlings and young trees, cottonwood grow in dense bands along river banks; as they mature, they thin themselves out, eventually creating “gallery forests” of widely spaced trees with a high canopy and an open understory. FREMONT’S COTTONWOOD Populus fremontii S. Wats. Come see Cottonwood Place … One of the best, pocket-sized tree identification manuals. It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. The female trees produce long tubular flowers with a hairy surface and no petals. Plains cottonwoods (Populous deltoides monilifera) are found in Nebraska, Kansas, and Wyoming. The address on file for this company is 418 Cottonwood Dr, St Anthony, ID 83445 in Fremont … The roots served as a food source for both, animals and humans whereas the bark was used as food for horses and for making medicinal mixtures for the tribesmen. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. Narrowleaf Cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) Narrowleaf cottonwood trees … Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii Very large historic broad-leafed deciduous tree that thrives along water courses. Cottonwood trees are native to various parts of North America. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Dugout canoes were produced from the trunks while the trees themselves doubled as landmarks and trail markers for the natives and travelers alike. In the desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots cannot tap the water table. They prefer sandy or silty soil but grow equally well in many other soil conditions except heavy clay. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii). Eastern Cottonwood: A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, How to Identify a Tree by Its Leaves, Flowers, or Bark, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Black Walnut Is a Common North American Tree, Identification of the Most Common Hardwoods, Black Cherry, An Important North American Tree, Identifying the Yellow Poplar Tree in North America, How to Identify Common North American Birch Trees, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, Even-aged Harvesting Methods - Shelterwood, Seed Tree, Clearcutting, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Wildlife: Horses gnaw the sweetish bark, beavers feed on the bark and build dams with the branches. In comparison to the eastern variety, the leaves of Fremontâs cottonwood are relatively small. Fremont cottonwood Salicaceae Populus fremontii S. Watson symbol: POFR2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, broadly cordate to triangular, coarsely crenate, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole flattened, shiny green above, sometimes pubescent beneath. Black poplar is a dioecious species which means that male and female trees are different from each other. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. These most common cottonwoods become very large trees (up to 165 feet) and usually occupy wet riparian areas in the East or seasonally dry creek beds in the West. The leaf has fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwoods. With a giant trunk and branches laden with brightly colored leaves, the thick foliage of these trees forms a dense canopy that spreads into an open crown. During March and April, the trees produce fluffy catkin flowers that look like elongated strips of hanging cotton from afar. During early spring, the female species produce sleek and slender, cylindrical flowers called catkins. Populus nigra, which usually goes by the name of black cottonwood or black poplar, is a large deciduous tree. Compared to other types of cottonwood, the black poplar has a bit of stunted growth, reaching a maximum of only 90 to 95 feet high on an average. Fremont Cottonwood Bark. You can identify an eastern cottonwood from the loud rustling sound that the leaves make even from a very gentle breeze. Native to various parts of North America and western Asia, cottonwoods share many similarities with other poplars such as aspens and balsams. Branches are usually thick and long. It is a riparian zone tree. In less than a decade, a cottonwood tree can yield a large amount of wood that can hardly be obtained from any other source in the same time period. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. Eastern Redbud Growing Tips. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) — grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. The tallest monilifera in the US (112 feet) is found in Ravalili County, Montana. Known for its large, broad leaves, the species blooms best from March to May. Plus, the edges of Fremontâs leaves are less serrated. Aspen Populus tremuloides One of Utah’s most populous and beautiful trees. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6 … Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. Cottonwoods trees play a very important role in maintaining the harmony and balance in natural wildlife and are a familiar sight along rivers, lakes, and streams. The Eastern Cottonwood, Populus deltoides, is one of the largest North American hardwood trees, although the wood is rather soft. Hibiscus tiliaceus is a species of flowering tree in the mallow family, Malvaceae, that is native to the Old World tropics. The 3701 Peralta Blvd location in Fremont's 94536 area has so much to offer its residents. Other common names for populous heterophylla include downy poplar, river cottonwood and swamp poplar. Rio Grande cottonwoods (Populous deltoides wislizeni) occur in Texas, Colorado and New Mexico. Next Up. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands … The common cottonwoods are three species of poplars in the section Aegiros of the genus Populus, native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. Read on to learn more. Narrowleaf cottonwoods have little commercial importance as their wood is often affected by canker (a fungal disease that damages the bark) and is susceptible to decay. If you ever go hiking in the Rocky Mountains, take a good look of your surroundings and you will see several black poplars gracing the place. It is easy to carve, making it popular with artisans as well. Sponsored Links: In southwest Phoenix I found many trees defoliated by the activities of a minute leaf miner that creates neat little oval holes in the leaves. Now that you know how to identify different types of cottonwood trees, try counting them the next time you go on a drive or hike in the wilds. However, they are ideal for use as shade trees or ornamental trees on large plantations. 5 Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, … Eastern cottonwoods are often divided into further subspecies based on the location where they are found. Cottonwoods provide important habitat for wildlife, including foraging and nesting habitat for songbirds and perching sites for raptors. Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, … Prized for their fast growth and adaptability to different soils and climatic conditions, cottonwood trees have long been an age-old friend to the Americans. Plant Name. Populus heterophylla or the swamp cottonwood is a large tree that can measure over 100 feet high at maturity. This species adapts to most soil types and is overall a very low-maintenance tree. Its leaves have fine teethed corners and can be triangular in shape or sometimes also come close to resembling a diamond shape. 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