The possibilities are fascinating! Copra is the dried meat of the seed and after processing produces coconut oil and coconut meal. Its exact native habitat is unknown, since it’s so widely spread throughout the tropics, but it’s thought to originate in the western Pacific and Indian Ocean islands. Apical buds of adult plants are edible, and are known as "palm cabbage" or heart of palm. One such variety of coconut is known as macapuno. While young they yield a delicious substance resembling blancmange. The exocarp and mesocarp make up the "husk" of the coconuts. Coconut trees are hard to establish in dry climates, and cannot grow there without frequent irrigation; in drought conditions, the new leaves do not open well, and older leaves may become desiccated; fruit also tends to be shed. In 2007, the Philippines imposed a quarantine in Metro Manila and 26 provinces to stop the spread of the pest and protect the Philippine coconut industry managed by some 3.5 million farmers. But getting them to grow in cooler climates is significantly more challenging. This accompanies the palagip (prayer to the dead). When left to ferment on its own, it becomes palm wine. Although some desert locations might be consistently warm, the areas are typically too dry for a coconut palm. Its fruits are similar to the coconut, but smaller. The coconut's obscure origin in foreign lands led to the notion of using cups made from the shell to neutralise poisoned drinks. However, the locations of the admixture events are limited to Madagascar and coastal east Africa, and exclude the Seychelles. All coconut trees have thin trunks and large, graceful leaves that may be 15 to 17 feet in length. They are widely used as landscape trees within their native range, and in … Cultivated plants are prone to insect attacks which can decrease production of fruit worth of … Because coconuts come from palm trees, most people assume that a palm tree and a coconut tree are the same thing. You can place your Coconut Palm outside on warm, sunny days, and bring it indoors during the colder months. In Maldivian folklore, one of the main myths of origin reflects the dependence of the Maldivians on the coconut tree. Therefore, heavy turf grass environments (beach resorts and golf courses) also pose a major threat to local coconut trees. He hypothesized that the coconut originated in the Americas, based on his belief that American coconut populations predated European contact and because he considered pan-tropical distribution by ocean currents improbable. In parts of South India, the shell and husk are burned for smoke to repel mosquitoes. Narali Purnima is celebrated on a full moon day which usually signifies the end of monsoon season in India. The Philippines is the world's second-largest producer of coconuts; the production of coconuts plays an important role in the economy. The palm is a common sight along the sandy shores of tropical islands of the world. The first coconuts were of the niu kafa type, with thick husks to protect the seed, an angular, highly ridged shape to promote buoyancy during ocean dispersal, and a pointed base that allowed fruits to dig into the sand, preventing them from being washed away during germination on a new island. In order to thrive, the coconut requires humidity of tropical areas. In the Philippines, this alcoholic drink is called lambanog or "coconut vodka". The seed provides oil for frying, cooking, and making margarine. The Zulu Social Aid and Pleasure Club of New Orleans traditionally throws hand-decorated coconuts, the most valuable of Mardi Gras souvenirs, to parade revelers. However, both James Cook and William Bligh (put adrift after the Bounty mutiny) found no sign of the nuts along this 2,000 km (1,200 mi) stretch when he needed water for his crew. Harries' adoption of the Polynesian terms niu kafa and niu vai has now passed into general scientific discourse, and his hypothesis is generally accepted. Wiki User: billy1847 (Creative Commons) Planted this coconut tree I brought from Honolulu airport about 10 years ago. The palm performs best in well-drained soils with a pH of 5.0 to 8.0 and tolerates areas experiencing periodic flooding. Some seasonal variation is tolerated, with good growth where mean summer temperatures are between 28 and 37 °C (82 and 99 °F), and survival as long as winter temperatures are above 4-12 °C (39-54 °F); they will survive brief drops to 0 °C (32 °F). When mature, they can be used as seed nuts or processed for oil, charcoal from the hard shell, and coir from the fibrous husk. The coconut palm is damaged by the larvae of many Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species which feed on it, including the African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) and Batrachedra spp. Therefore, Heyerdahl's observations cannot be considered conclusive when it comes to determining the independent dispersal ability of the uncultivated coconut. Areas of the U.S. where the palm will grow consist of south-central and southern areas of Florida, southern most areas of Texas, and southern areas of California along the coast. Some South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Pacific Ocean cultures have origin myths in which the coconut plays the main role. Coconut palms require warm conditions for successful growth, and are intolerant of cold weather. A species with strawberry-sized nuts (Cocos zeylanica) lived in New Zealand in the Miocene. The discovery of this behavior was observed in Bali and North Sulawesi in Indonesia between 1998 and 2008. In the USA, coconuts are abundant in Hawaii and Florida. Coconuts have a nearly cosmopolitan distribution thanks to human action in using them for agriculture. Fishermen give an offering of coconut to the sea to celebrate the beginning of a new fishing season. On the island of Java, the sweet and savoury tempe bacem is made by cooking tempeh with coconut water, coconut sugar, and other spices until thickened. Basic characteristics of the tree include:. Coconuts are commonly grown around the northern coast of Australia, and in some warmer parts of New South Wales. A symbol of beachy paradises throughout the world, coconut palms also thrive in frost-free areas of the U.S., and if you’re lucky enough to live in one of these locales, you too can grow a coconut palm. Not growing well in climates that are dry, coconut palms in the U.S. thrive growing along coastal regions where conditions are warm and freezing temperature don’t occur. Yes, but Nut Trees They're Not! Dried coconut leaves can be burned to ash, which can be harvested for lime. Dropped coconuts float for miles and wash ashore only to germinate and produce a new palm tree. Thor Heyerdahl provides an alternative, and much shorter, estimate based on his first-hand experience crossing the Pacific Ocean on the raft Kon-Tiki: "The nuts we had in baskets on deck remained edible and capable of germinating the whole way to Polynesia. Thailand has been raising and training pig-tailed macaques to pick coconuts for around 400 years. Bermuda's soil is generally very shallow (1 1/2 to 3 feet [46 to 91 cm]) and much of a coconut tree's root mass is found in the porous limestone underneath the soil. Due to the porosity of the limestone, Bermuda's coconut trees do not generally have a sufficient supply of water with which they are able to support a large number of fruit as rainwater quickly drains down through the limestone layer to the water table which is far too deep for a coconut's roots to reach. The endosperm is initially in its nuclear phase suspended within the coconut water. Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (98 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4-6 m (13-20 ft) long, and pinnae 60-90 cm (2-3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. The coconut palm is grown throughout the tropics for decoration, as well as for its many culinary and nonculinary uses; virtually every part of the coconut palm can be used by humans in some manner and has significant economic value. The Hindu goddess of well-being and wealth, Lakshmi, is often shown holding a coconut. Coconut meat, coconut milk, and coconut water are often used in main courses, desserts, and soups throughout the archipelago. Coconut haustorium, a spongy absorbent tissue formed from the distal portion of embryo during coconut germination, facilitates absorption of nutrients for the growing shoot and root. Most of the world production is in tropical Asia, with Indonesia, the Philippines, and India accounting collectively for 73% of the world total (table). Two leaves (especially the younger, yellowish shoots) woven into a tight shell the size of the palm are filled with rice and cooked to make ketupat. Coconut palms are hardy growing in USDA zones 10 and 11, and in the warmest areas of zone 9, although an unexpected freeze in this zone can kill the palm. It can be seen on all the scouting paraphernalia that elementary (SMA) school children wear, as well as on the scouting pins and flags. It is used in horticulture in potting compost, especially in orchid mix. The tall variety is outcrossing while dwarf palms are incrossing, which has led to a much greater degree of genetic diversity within the tall group. However their historical distribution was likely more limited. Plants in the genus produc... photo src: The honey locust ( Gleditsia triacanthos ) also known as the thorny locust , is a deciduous tree in the Fabac... photo src: Peltogyne purpurea , commonly known as nazareno , or purpleheart , is a species of Peltogyne tree native ... photo src: The cultivation of elms in Australia began in the first half of the 19th century when British settlers i... Commercial, industrial, and household use, Do Lemon Trees Lose Their Leaves In Winter, Mean daily temperature above 12-13 °C (54-55 °F) every day of the year, Mean annual rainfall above 1,000 mm (39 in), No or very little overhead canopy, since even small trees require direct sun, Hybrid (red and green mix) and green coconuts. Coconut water serves as a suspension for the endosperm of the coconut during its nuclear phase of development. Gasa suggested, for lack of paper, delivering by dugout canoe a message inscribed on a husked coconut shell, reading "Nauru Isl commander / native knows posit / he can pilot / 11 alive need small boat / Kennedy." Proteins from coconut may cause food allergy, including anaphylaxis. They are tolerant to salty conditions and tolerate growing along oceans and brackish waterways. People who live in tropical climates can grow coconut palms in their gardens. Unlike some other plants, the palm tree has neither a tap root nor root hairs, but has a fibrous root system. This plant live on the sandy soil, requires a lot of sunlight and regular rainfalls. It has generally been accepted that the coconut originated in the India-Indonesia region and float-distributed itself around the world by riding ocean currents. In the Philippines, dried half shells are also used as a music instrument in a folk dance called maglalatik. Human cultivation of the coconut selected, not for larger size, but for thinner husks and increased volume of endosperm, the solid "meat" or liquid "water" that provides the fruit its food value. Coconut palms (Cocos nucifera) are considered a pantropical species, which means it’s found throughout tropical regions of the world. The reasons why coconut are cultivated only in Yemen's Al Mahrah and Hadramaut governorates and in the Sultanate of Oman, but not in other suitable areas in the Arabian Peninsula, may originate from the fact that Oman and Hadramaut had long dhow trade relations with Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Africa, and Zanzibar, as well as southern India and China. Coconut palms grow outdoors only in USDA zone 10 and warmer, where the winter low never reaches 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Activated carbon manufactured from coconut shell is considered extremely effective for the removal of impurities. In particular, the area around Salalah maintains large coconut plantations similar to those found across the Arabian Sea in Kerala. The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia records that the Cocus nucifera "nut is so well known that the following few notes concerning it will be sufficient. In the Philippines, particularly Cebu, rice is wrapped in coconut leaves for cooking and subsequent storage; these packets are called puso. The artificial landscaping may have been the cause for lethal yellowing, a viral coconut palm disease that leads to the death of the tree. This coconut bearing palm tree is a generous palm tree that grows on or near the ocean with tropical climates around the world. Coconut has a number of commercial and traditional cultivars. For example, the Polynesian and Melanesian term niu and the Tagalog and Chamorro term niyog is said to be based on the Malay word nyiur or nyior. In Jakarta, soto babat or beef tripe soup also uses coconut milk. 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